Caesarea was another great architecture of Herod the Great. Caesarea was originally a little village. It was awarded to Herod in 30 B.C. He built a large port city at the site, and called it Caesarea in honour of his patron Octavian Augustus Caesar.
Caesarea was a planned city, with a network of crisscrossing road, a temple, theater, amphitheater, markets and residential quarters. It took 12 years to build and completed in 10/9 B.C. The city transformed rapidly into a great commercial center, and by the year 6 B.C. became the headquarters of the Roman government in Palestine .
The high-level aqueduct, which brought water from Shuni springs some 7.5 km northeast of Caesarea , served as a source of water for the prospering city. Its population included Jews and Gentiles, but conflicts between them were one of the important causes of the Great Revolt that erupted in 66 A .D. Caesarea served as a base for the Rome legions who dealt with the quelling of the revolt, and it was here that their commanding general Vespasian was declared Caesar. The city received the status of “colony” and after the fall and destruction of Jerusalem , became the most important city in the country.
I was impressed by the grand architectures of Herod the Great in Herodian, Messada, Jerusalem and Caesarea . I especially like the great swimming pools he built in Herodian and Caesarea . If I were at Jesus’ time, I would love to be invited to swim in summer.
Comparing to Herod the Great, Jesus never built a famous architecture in his time. May be he had helped his father to build some works when he was young. He was so politically and economically powerless. And Herod was at the opposite. Only seeing the remnant of Herod’s architectures, one can imagine the power, money and authority Herod held that time.
Anyhow, if one has no interest in Israel history or archeology, they hardly will know about Herod the Great. Even they hear about Herod from the Bible, they won’t know the great Architectures of Herod. However, there are very few people in the world not knowing Jesus. And there are millions of churches established in the name of Jesus. Thousands of the churches are more beautiful than Herod’s palaces!
This is the difference between the Kingdom of Earth and Kingdom of God . Kingdom of earth pays attention to the earthly wealth, power and authority. It works for the lust and desire of man. And it won’t last for long. Kingdom of God pays attention to the spiritual needs, eternity, love and righteousness. It works for the glory of God and saves the souls of men. It loses in the present world but wins eventually. It lasts to eternity.